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Understanding the Parts of Your Roof

Are you in the middle of having a roof put on or updated? Check out our guide created to help you navigate the world and language of roof parts!Roof Parts


You know there’s a roof on your house and you probably know what kind of roofing shingles are on there, as well. But do you know all the terms and parts of your roof? If you’re building a house, remodeling, or just having a new roof put on, it’s important for you to understand the names and functions of each part of your roof. Here’s a quick start guide to catch you up on the lingo so you can have an intelligent conversation with your contractor (contact us for more information).


  • Roof Frame: This is the basic structure holding up everything that is then put onto the roof. It can be either stick built by hand or it can be built using trusses that are factory-made and then used to put together the roof.
  • Roof Pitch: This is how steep your roof is. Typically, the steeper roofs are used in areas with snowfall to help the roof shed the snow (you don’t want weight or water pooling on top of your house!).
  • Roof Sheathing: The plywood that is nailed onto the frame to give the roof its flat surface.
  • Underlayment: The black paper that is installed on top of the plywood to give it a weatherproof barrier.
  • Flashing: Flashing is used as a transition between roofing and another surface, at a change in plane of the roofing itself, or at a roof penetration such as a skylight or vent pipe. It is usually aluminum or galvanized steel. Proper flashing techniques are crucial for a water-tight roof system.
  • Roof Shingles/Tiles: This the material you probably think of when you imagine a roof. From asphalt, to wood shake, to ceramic, to metal, there are lots of different kinds of things that can be used to cover your roof!
  • Roof Trim: These pieces help to seal all the cracks and crevices on the roof left after the rest of the roofing process is finished.
  • Ridge: The highest point of the roof.
  • Hip: The point where two roof sections meet and create a pitch.
  • Valley: The point where two roof sections meet and slope downward, creating a valley.
  • Eaves: The parts of the roof that hang over the side of the house, often diverting water away from the side of the house where it might leak inside.


If your house is ready for a new roof, reach out to Turner Roofing for a professional consultation and estimate!

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